Fibroids are the commonest of all pelvic tumors. About 20% of women in reproductive age group have this disease. These can vary in size, shape and location. Most of these tumors are non-cancerous.
Depending upon the location in the uterus they can be of four types:
- Submucosal - Submucosal fibroids are the ones which protrudes into the uterine cavity. Theses may cause uterine bleeding, pain and difficulty in conceiving.
- Intramural- Intramural fibroids are present in muscular layer of the uterus. These tumors vary in size . These are the most common type of fibroids.
- Subserosal - Subserosal are the ones which protrude out on the surface of uterus through serosal layer. These cause the uterus to become irregular in shape and size. These cause pressure symptoms. Female with these tumors has no problem in conceiving.
- Pedunculated- Subserosal fibroid with a pedicle is called pedunculated fibroid.
Treatment of fibroids may be conservative or surgical. Depending upon the age of patient, location and size of fibroids, desire of future childbearing, symptoms there are many surgical and non surgical treatment modalities which are available.